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In the new issue of NFPA Journal®, President Jim Shannon said the Association will focus on the leading causes of home fires, including cooking. "We also need to continue to push hard for home fire sprinklers. That's still a large priority for NFPA, and we plan to work very aggressively in 2014 on our residential sprinkler initiative," he said.
A series of fire tests were conducted to characterize the potential hazard from ignition of an upholstered chair. The particular chair was selected as part of a fire investigation being conducted by the U.S. Department of Treasury’s Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms.
Heat release rate was determined as a function of time from ignition using the oxygen depletion principle. Two tests were conducted with the chairs placed in the open under large calorimeters.
The third test was conducted with the chair located in a room. Peak heat release rates obtained during the tests ranged from approximately 1 MW to 2.5 MW.
NFPA 921, Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigations plays a fundamental role in fire and explosion investigations. A new edition of NFPA 921 is scheduled to be published in 2014. For years, this document has played a critical role in the training, education and job performance of fire and explosion investigators. It also serves as one of the primary references used by the National Fire Academy to support its fire/arson-related training and education programs. It is imperative that investigators understand the scope, purpose and application of this document, especially since it will be used to judge the quality and thoroughness of their investigations.
SAN DIEGO - A Team 10 and Scripps News investigation found arson fires are not investigated properly in many American cities -- including San Diego -- due to a chaotic patchwork of reporting systems and standards.
Many deliberately set building fires are not reported to the federal government.
Nationally, just 5 percent of all residential building fires are intentionally set, according to the National Fire Incident Reporting System, which is part of the Department of Homeland Security. Data collected by Scripps News suggests the national arson rate to be significantly higher.
Cathleen E. Corbitt-Dipierro
Stonehouse Media Incorporated
Smartphones are quickly taking over the US cellular phone hardware market — iPhone, Droid, Blackberry, Palm, just to name a few brands. With their advanced computing capability, smartphones are enabling users to perform more and more tasks on their phone than just the simple calling and texting. This computing power is harnessed by “apps,” which are application software programs used on smartphones.
For the fire investigator, the smartphone can become a handy tool in your daily work, but only if you know how to outfit it. This article highlights some of the core apps that fire investigators can use every day to assist in managing their investigative and administrative work. One caution before we begin: the investigator should be aware that any investigative information kept on your smartphone is not secure and also may be discoverable in a future legal proceeding. For that reason, we’ve confined the discussion of apps in this article to those where case-based investigative information is not stored or shared. At all times, exercise the utmost caution with investigative information.
Most weather apps have auto location based on the GPS signal from your phone, meaning that the app knows where you are and provides the weather data for that location. You can also lookup weather for a different area and program a favorites list for different locations you travel to repeatedly. Mapping Mapping applications, many of which are GPS-based, have both administrative and investigative value. Using the GPS in the phone and the mapping app, you are able to:
Mapping can also be used in other apps that help you find traffic, tides, mass transit, or parking information.
Remember that any information gleaned from one of these apps should be verified with another source. Roads change, streets are temporarily closed, and other events occur that may make the situation on the ground not the same as it is in a published map.
Administrative Management There are a wide variety of management and productivity apps that can help you organize your daily tasks, including:
Take a little time to think about the administrative tasks you do every day and then search the available apps for your device to see what’s out there to help you manage and streamline the administrative process. Incident Management There are several Incident Command System apps that can help the investigator handle large incidents, including the National Incident Management System (NIMS) components, concepts, and planning forms. Some of the ICS apps also provide an interactive look at the chain of command structure, which can assist with proper reporting at the scene. Scene Safety There are a number of apps available, and more are under development, that assist the investigator in working safely at the scene. Some examples of currently available scene safety apps include:
These apps can assist in identifying hazards at the scene and provide information on how to respond to the identified hazard.
Locators There are a number of locator apps available that can help the investigator find businesses nearby. Some locator apps also provide ratings and reviews for these businesses. A locator app works by using the GPS in the smartphone to determine your location, and then searching a database of nearby businesses that fit the criteria you enter, which is typically a category of business or government, and sometimes augmented with additional search filters, such as distance, price, or number of “stars.” These locator apps can be extremely helpful when you are not familiar with the location and can assist you in both physical comfort and investigative ways.
Some examples of what you can find with locator apps include:
There are also people locator apps, including offender and sex offender locator apps.
You should be aware that the locator app databases may not be definitive or complete and any information should always be confirmed with another source.
There are thousands of apps and more are being released every day. Set aside some time to browse through the apps available for your smartphone and think through how they might assist you in the field. Be sure to keep your apps up to date and periodically look for new apps that have been released and may be beneficial to you. Put your smartphone to work for you and you can work more efficiently, safely, and thoroughly.
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