CHAPTER 1 - Identifies and defines relevant terminology — heating system, venting system, flue gases, chimney, vent. Types of chimneys -- metal, factory-built, and masonry -- are identified and their construction discussed. Chimney performance requirements are listed. The purpose and function of flue lining are detailed. Flue lining systems are described, and alternatives are identified.
CHAPTER 2 - Chimney Fire is defined and sources and causes are identified. Fuels and other combustibles — creosote, wood, soot — are identified and discussed. Thermal characteristics of chimney fires and the evidence that a chimney fire has occurred are presented. The potential damage to the chimney, to other objects, and to the house are detailed.
CHAPTER 3 - Thermal damage to clay flue lining is described. Thermal stress theory and concepts are identified, including stress resistance, steady state conditions, transient conditions, and thermal shock. Also included are discussions of how the shape of the flue influences damage caused by chimney fires.
CHAPTER 4 - A guide to the evaluation of chimney fire damage, emphasizing the importance of searching for and verifying evidence of causes and effects of chimney fires. Also, evaluation of other possible causes of chimney damage —lightning, thermal expansion, material fatigue, moisture, weathering, freeze/thaw damage, flue gases, condensation, rotational and differential settlement.
CHAPTER 5 - Application of insurance to chimney fire damage, Identification of available homeowners’ policies and their provisions and coverage. Coverage for damage under the fire peril is detailed. Procedures and criteria for recognition and evaluation of a valid chimney fire claim are discussed, as are arguments not relevant to proper consideration of insurance coverage.
This recall involves AC power cords sold with Microsoft Surface Pro, Surface Pro 2 and Surface Pro 3 computers before March 15, 2015. Surface Pro and Surface Pro 2 devices have a black case with the product name on the back of the device toward the bottom. Surface Pro 3 computers have a silver case with “Windows 8 Pro” on the back of the device under the kickstand. This recall also involves accessory power supply units that include an AC power cord sold separately before March 15, 2015. The recalled power cords do not have a 1/8-inch sleeve on the cord on the end that connects to the power supply.
Get the details at CPSC
The recall includes three models of the Dirt Devil Total Pet Cyclonic Upright vacuums, model UD70210, UD70210CA and UD70210RM. The model number and manufacture date code are printed on a silver label on the back side of the vacuum. The vacuums are identical with black, gray and clear housing with red and purple trim. “Total Pet” is printed underneath the Dirt Devil logo in the center of the vacuum. Only vacuums with the first three digits of the four digit manufacture date code that begin with B14 through I15 are included in the recall. All recalled vacuums were manufactured between February 2014 and September 2015.
This recall involves KUL small, black portable fan heaters. The KUL logo is printed on the front bottom of the heaters next to the power dial. The fan heater measures about 9 inches long by 5 inches wide by 10.5 inches tall. The fans weigh about two pounds. An adhesive label is on the bottom of the heater with model number “KU39229” and “Date: 0515” in the lower right-hand corner.
In the new issue of NFPA Journal®, President Jim Shannon said the Association will focus on the leading causes of home fires, including cooking. "We also need to continue to push hard for home fire sprinklers. That's still a large priority for NFPA, and we plan to work very aggressively in 2014 on our residential sprinkler initiative," he said.
The California Conference of Arson Investigators has patterned its CFI certification program after the State of California’s certification program with two major differences: 1) The CCAI – CFI program requires the applicant must stand for a written exam and 2) the CCAI-CFI certification requires participation in continued professional training. To keep the certificate valid, a CCAI Certified Fire Investigator must attend 30 hours of approved tested training, or 40 hours of CCAI approved non-tested training or a combination of 40 hours tested and non-tested training every three years, from the date his or her certificate was issued. The hourly training requirement can easily be met by attending two 20-hour CCAI training seminar’s within the three-year period.
To apply, a person does not have to be a member of CCAI; however it is strongly encouraged that everyone in the field of fire investigation belongs to the California Conference of Arson Investigators, the leading organization for training in fire and arson investigations in California.
To qualify, applicants must submit certificates of training showing that they have completed Fire Investigation 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B and PC 832 or its equivalent. If you already possess a Level II Fire Investigation Certification from the State of California, a copy of your certification certificate showing Level II will suffice to validate that you have met the training requirements mentioned above.
Applicants must also validate that they have had the overall responsibility of, and have investigated, 150 fires to determine fire origin and separately to determine fire cause. They must also substantiate that they have testified twice, in court or in deposition (not in the same case), under oath, pertaining to the origin and cause of fires or in the field of explosions. The testimony can be criminal, civil or from deposition but must be directly related to fire origin and fire cause or origin and cause in an explosion incident. In lieu of actual court related testimony, the applicant may complete any one of the below listed courses.
The following courses/classes will meet or substitute for the criteria of the court room requirements:
The question has risen, “If an investigator possesses a California State Fire Investigator II Certification, why would he/she have to verify again that he/she has investigated 150 fires and testified twice in court?” It is the CCAI Board of Directors’ position that, if CCAI is going to certify an investigator, the person’s qualifications must be independently validated by CCAI using documents and under oath statements.
The initial application fee, if you are a CCAI member, is $150.00 and the certification is validated for three years. Renewal of the CCAI-CFI certification, if you are a CCAI member, is $75.00 every three years. If you are not a member of CCAI, the initial application fee is $300.00 and renewal is $150.00 every three years.
Verification of Testimony
Current CCAI Certified Fire Investigators
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