CHAPTER 1 - Identifies and defines relevant terminology — heating system, venting system, flue gases, chimney, vent. Types of chimneys -- metal, factory-built, and masonry -- are identified and their construction discussed. Chimney performance requirements are listed. The purpose and function of flue lining are detailed. Flue lining systems are described, and alternatives are identified.
CHAPTER 2 - Chimney Fire is defined and sources and causes are identified. Fuels and other combustibles — creosote, wood, soot — are identified and discussed. Thermal characteristics of chimney fires and the evidence that a chimney fire has occurred are presented. The potential damage to the chimney, to other objects, and to the house are detailed.
CHAPTER 3 - Thermal damage to clay flue lining is described. Thermal stress theory and concepts are identified, including stress resistance, steady state conditions, transient conditions, and thermal shock. Also included are discussions of how the shape of the flue influences damage caused by chimney fires.
CHAPTER 4 - A guide to the evaluation of chimney fire damage, emphasizing the importance of searching for and verifying evidence of causes and effects of chimney fires. Also, evaluation of other possible causes of chimney damage —lightning, thermal expansion, material fatigue, moisture, weathering, freeze/thaw damage, flue gases, condensation, rotational and differential settlement.
CHAPTER 5 - Application of insurance to chimney fire damage, Identification of available homeowners’ policies and their provisions and coverage. Coverage for damage under the fire peril is detailed. Procedures and criteria for recognition and evaluation of a valid chimney fire claim are discussed, as are arguments not relevant to proper consideration of insurance coverage.
This recall involves AC power cords sold with Microsoft Surface Pro, Surface Pro 2 and Surface Pro 3 computers before March 15, 2015. Surface Pro and Surface Pro 2 devices have a black case with the product name on the back of the device toward the bottom. Surface Pro 3 computers have a silver case with “Windows 8 Pro” on the back of the device under the kickstand. This recall also involves accessory power supply units that include an AC power cord sold separately before March 15, 2015. The recalled power cords do not have a 1/8-inch sleeve on the cord on the end that connects to the power supply.
Get the details at CPSC
The recall includes three models of the Dirt Devil Total Pet Cyclonic Upright vacuums, model UD70210, UD70210CA and UD70210RM. The model number and manufacture date code are printed on a silver label on the back side of the vacuum. The vacuums are identical with black, gray and clear housing with red and purple trim. “Total Pet” is printed underneath the Dirt Devil logo in the center of the vacuum. Only vacuums with the first three digits of the four digit manufacture date code that begin with B14 through I15 are included in the recall. All recalled vacuums were manufactured between February 2014 and September 2015.
This recall involves KUL small, black portable fan heaters. The KUL logo is printed on the front bottom of the heaters next to the power dial. The fan heater measures about 9 inches long by 5 inches wide by 10.5 inches tall. The fans weigh about two pounds. An adhesive label is on the bottom of the heater with model number “KU39229” and “Date: 0515” in the lower right-hand corner.
In the new issue of NFPA Journal®, President Jim Shannon said the Association will focus on the leading causes of home fires, including cooking. "We also need to continue to push hard for home fire sprinklers. That's still a large priority for NFPA, and we plan to work very aggressively in 2014 on our residential sprinkler initiative," he said.
At the door:
UNDER ADVISEMENT RULING
The Court has had under advisement Plaintiff Barbara A. Sloan’s (“Sloan”) Rule 60 Motion. Having read and considered the briefing and having heard oral argument, the Court issues the following ruling.
This recall involves four types of DD branded single-wick candles: Mason jars in 5- and 12- ounce sizes, decorative jars in 10- and 20-ounce sizes, 13-ounce coffee tins and 13-ounce jars with a holiday theme. The candles were sold in a variety of fragrances and colors.
The 5-ounce Mason jars are 2.25 inches wide by 3.75 inches high. The 12-ounce Mason jars are 3 inches wide by 5 inches high. The jars have gray metal lids. The DD logo and the word Handcrafted are in raised letters on the front of the jars. The candle fragrance and size are printed on a hang tang attached to the mouth of the jars.
The 10-ounce decorative jars are 4 inches wide by 3 inches high. The 20-ounce decorative jars are 5 inches wide by 4 inches high and hold a candle. The jars have gray metal lids with the DD logo in raised letters on the top. The candle fragrance and size are printed on a rectangular label on the front of the jar.
The 13-ounce coffee tins are 3.5 inches wide by 4 inches high and have a silver metal lid. The candle size and fragrance are printed on a label that wraps around the outside of the tin.
The 13-ounce holiday candle jars are 3.75 inches wide by 4 inches high and have silver metal lids with the DD logo in raised letters on the top. The DD logo inside a floral wreath, the fragrance and size are printed directly onto the front of the jar in silver.
See the full details at CPSC
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing (Toyota) is recalling certain model year 2011-2012 Toyota Avalon vehicles manufactured February 9, 2010, to October 22, 2012. In the affected vehicles, the sub-woofer speaker located in the trunk may experience an intermittent electrical short which may cause damage to the integrated circuit (IC) in the audio amplifier. In some cases, the damaged IC may allow a constant electrical current flow to the sub-woofer.
See the full details at NHTSA
Nova Bus (Nova) is recalling certain model year 2007 LFS transit buses manufactured January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2007. In the affected vehicles, the band clamp on the flex pipe between the turbocharger and the diesel particulate filter may be incorrectly located allowing the exhaust pipe to leak hot exhaust gases onto nearby components.
See full details at NHTSA
Fire Protection Research Foundation report: "Development of Standardized Cooking Fires for Evaluation of Prevention Technologies: Data Analysis"Authors: Joshua Dinaburg, Daniel Gottuk – Hughes Associates, Inc.
Beginning in 2010, the Foundation began a program to review the potential effectiveness of various technologies potentially capable of preventing cooking range top fires. A workshop conducted as part of that project considered the emergence of commercial products on the market and identified the need to develop standardized tests and criteria to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of such devices. This report summarizes and analyzes the results of two live fire test series conducted to form the basis for such a test protocol.
Cooking-equipment related fires are a leading cause of U.S. fire loss. Beginning in the mid 1980’s, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Consumer Product Safety Commission, and home appliance industry undertook a comprehensive review of strategies to mitigate death, injury and property loss from cooking fires. All strategies were engineering strategies defined by a condition to be detected (e.g., overheat of pan or food in pan, absence of person actively engaged in cooking process, early-stage fire on stovetop) and an action to be taken (e.g., shut off cooking heat, sound alarm, suppress fire). As part of this study, a comprehensive review of existing technologies was done.
In 2010, the Foundation conducted a study supported by NIST to develop this action plan. The study focused particularly on prevention technologies suitable for use on or with home cooking appliances. and consisted of a literature and technology review; the development of an enhanced technology evaluation methodology based on an in-depth review of cooking fire statistics; and the evaluation of currently available technologies using this methodology. The project culminated with a one day workshop of 35 leaders from the kitchen appliance, fire service, and user communities who met to review the above findings and identify gaps in information. The highest priority action item identified at that workshop toward implementation of commercially available cooking fire mitigation technologies was: "Develop standard fire scenarios and create test methods and performance criteria which can feed into standards development"
This report presents the results of a follow on project sponsored by NIST to gather data towards this goal.
Download the report. (PDF, 2 MB)
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