Upholstered furniture has long been the leading item first ignited in terms of home fire deaths. Based on data from the U.S. Fire Administration’s (USFA’s) National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) and the National Fire Protection Association’s (NFPA’s) annual fire department experience survey, NFPA estimates that during 2010-2014, upholstered furniture was the item first ignited in an average of 5,630 reported home structure fires per year. (Homes include one- and two-family homes, apartments or other multiple family homes, and manufactured housing.) These fires caused an estimated annual average of 440 civilian deaths, 700 civilian injuries, and $269 million in direct property damage. Overall, fires beginning with upholstered furniture accounted for 2% of reported home fires but 18% of home fire deaths. Smoking materials remain the leading cause of these fires and associated losses.